What is a “cookie”?
An “Internet Cookie” (also known as “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on a computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed through the request issued by a webserver from a browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Chrome) and it is completely “passive” (it does not contain software, viruses or spyware and it cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive).
A cookie consists of 2 parts: name and content or value of the cookie. Furthermore, the existence of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website related to that webserver. Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, they do not personally identify the internet users.
There are 2 large categories of cookies:
- Session cookies – they are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder so that it stores them until the user exits that website or closes the browser window (e.g. when logging on / off on a webmail or on social networks).
- Persistent cookies – they are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and generally it depends on the default cookie lifetime). Persistent cookies also include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which can be used anonymously to memorize the interests of a user, so as to deliver the most relevant advertising for users.
Which are the benefits of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web-browser (user) and a specific webserver (website). If a browser accesses that webserver again, it can read the already stored information and can react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide quality services to users: e.g. – online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising – but they will no longer be able to keep your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Which is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by webservers. The lifetime of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (permanent cookies). Cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
What is a third party cookie?
Certain content sections on some websites may be provided through third parties / suppliers (e.g. news box, video or advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies through the website and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third-party suppliers must also comply with the website owner’s law and privacy policies in force.
What type of cookies do we use on this website:
• Website performance cookies
• Cookies for visitor analysis
• Cookies for geolocation
• Cookies for advertising
Google Analytics stores information about the visited pages, the duration of navigation on the website, the way the website was visited, and the accessed sections within the pages. No personal information is stored, so this information cannot be used to identify the user.
The website uses Google Analytics to be able to track whether the website meets users’ requirements and to prioritize the improvement of the processes.
Tips for safe and responsible navigation, based on cookies.
• If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiry terms for the storage of browsing history and personal access data.
• If you share access to the computer, you can consider setting the browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser. This is a way to access websites that place cookies and to delete any visiting information when you close the browsing session.
• Install and constantly update antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include the detection of attacks on websites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser’s vulnerabilities or from downloading dangerous software.
Make sure your browser is always updated.
Many of the cookie-based attacks are performed by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures, so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
How can I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make certain websites inaccessible / inoperable or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will no longer receive / see online advertising.
It is possible to set up in the browser so that these cookies will no longer be accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a particular website. But, for example, if you are not registered as using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers provide the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s “options” or “preferences” menu.
For the settings of third party cookies, you can also see the website: www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/.